• Skin
    Moles

    Moles

    Moles are benign, pigmented (colored) lesions of the skin, commonly brown to black in color. Most moles are between a couple of mm to 1 cm in size.

    Most moles are harmless skin lesions, but there are moles that have a greater chance of developing melanoma in them, and exactly because of that, regular skin monitoring is a step of great importance in early melanoma detection, as well as detection of other skin cancers.

    Moles are benign pigmented areas of the skin. Most moles are harmless change, but for some there is an increased tendency for the development of melanoma and therefore the regular inspection is very important for early detection of melanoma and skin cancer.

    Youth are irregularly clustered melanocytic cells in the skin. Melanocyte cells produce melanin, the pigment that gives color to the skin and naturally protects us from excessive skin damage from ultraviolet radiation.
    A certain number of moles is already visible at birth, and they called congenital moles, and all other youth are considered to be acquired. The majority of them occur during the first 20 years of life, while others may appear later.

    Typical young people (ordinary or regular) are the most common sizes up to 6 mm in diameter, single color, from light brown to black in color, symmetrical looking, and clear edges. They occur during the first 20 years of life, its size monitor our growth, but did not change significantly its appearance and color. Atypical mole varies in size, color, form and shape. When an atypical mole has histopathological features that are much closer than the typical mole melanoma, was a diagnosed dysplastic mole.

    Summary of moles based on their looks as well as the properties we call clinical examination. Based on clinical examination, the doctor does not provide a diagnosis, but moles divided into typical and atypical. After clinical examination, the doctor decides to those moles that are atypical and potentially suspicious and they proposed dermoscopic diagnosis.

    Dermatoscopy

    Dermatoscopy is a state of the art, non-invasive, painless method for early diagnosis of melanoma and pigmented lesions of the skin. This method provides, through superficial contact microscopy, review the structure of the epidermis and dermis, which are important for early diagnosis. Compared to the previous clinical diagnosis, dermatoscopy improves the accuracy of diagnosis of melanoma by 20 to 30%, ensuring the accuracy of 92 to 99% as confirmed by histopathology.

    In addition to the diagnosis of melanoma, dermatoscopy is used for the diagnosis of skin lesions such as basal cell carcinoma, seborrheic keratosis, and dermatofibrom angioma.

    Moles are usually removed by excision (cutting out) and stitching the skin.